Oral Hygiene


Common Causes of Bad Breath & How to Treat It

Bad breath, otherwise known as halitosis, is a common problem. For some people it happens from time to time but in others it is permanent. It happens because there are millions of bacteria that thrive in the warm and moist condition of the mouth. In order for you to protect yourself from bad breath it is important to know what causes it in the first place.

•    The most common reason for bad breath is poor oral hygiene. You are supposed to brush your teeth at least three times a day or after every meal in order to get rid of food particles that bacteria may feed on. You are also supposed to floss after meals. If you fail to do this it is quite likely that you will experience bad breath.

•    Gum disease is another common reason for bad breath. This is when plaque forms between the teeth and the gums. If not treated by a dentist you will get bad breath.

•    Not brushing your tongue is a sure way to get bad breath, again because there are millions of bacteria that thrive there.

•    If you do all the above and you still have bad breath it is likely that there may be a medical condition behind it. Depending on how long it persists you should see a doctor for a full checkup.

•    There is a psychological condition where sufferers imagine that they have bad breath which cannot be smelled by others.

•    It is normal to have bad breath right after you wake up. This is because while you sleep your mouth becomes dry and saliva which would ordinarily wash away bacteria isn’t produced.

There mat be other causes of bad breath but these are the most common. For most, good oral hygiene is enough to ensure that they have fresh breath. In addition to that, make sure that you eat something from time to time as this promotes the production of saliva to tackle oral bacteria. You should also avoid sugary food and drinks. In the event that you consume them you should wash out your mouth with plain water.

What Is A Migraine ?


What is a Migraine?

Migraine is a severe headaches caused by a number of factors. Some people also refer to migraines as tension headaches, given the fact that they are a common symptom when someone is undergoing anxiety. Though the causes vary, medical experts do argue that the condition stems from two main factors: genetic factors and environmental factors.


How it Occurs

A migraine attack usually starts when there are changes in your brainstem with respect to how it interacts with the trigeminal nerve (a major nerve receptive to pain). When serotonin levels drop in the body, the trigeminal nerve is triggered to release chemicals known as neuropeptides which find their way to the meninges (outer area of the brain) which results in severe pain.


Common Causes of Migraines

If you constantly get migraines, you may have noticed some common pre-disposing factors. The triggers vary with individuals, but common complains cited by most people include; migraines from allergic reactions, emotional and/physical stress, high sensitivity to bright lights, perfumes, specific odours or bright light. Other causes include exposure to smoke or tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, changes in sleep patterns, or irregular sleep patterns, menstrual cycles or consumption of tyramine in foods.

Tension Headaches are mild head pains characterised by a feeling of tightness around the head. When tension headaches become prolonged and recurring, they eventually graduate to distressing migraines. Excessive consumption of caffeine or withdrawal symptoms from caffeine can trigger severe migraines.

A change in weather conditions is likely to trigger the condition as well, especially during storms, changes in altitude, and fluctuations in barometric pressure or change in altitudes.


Who Gets Migraines?

Migraines or tension headaches are frequent in women than in men. Medical statistics show that in every 4 women, one is likely to be suffering migraines. In men, the statistic is different; in every 12 men, one is likely to suffer migraines.


Is there a Cure?

Over-the-counter drugs like ibuprofen, paracetamol, or naproxen can eliminate the severe pain. Serotonin agonists may be used for migraines that refuse to respond to over-the-counter drugs. Sometimes a lifestyle change can help clear migraines without having to visit a doctor or pharmacist; try and get enough sleep, avoid tyramine rich foods, reduce the stress in life, work out regularly and drink lots of water.

Migraines or severe headaches are often manageable with the above highlighted treatment options. However, for severe and recurring tension headaches, it is important to get a head scan to check for tumours, clots, or blockages in the blood vessels leading to the brain.